Last week I had the following DM on Twitter from @rahabm about the current state of Acceptance Testing
Hi Iain. I remember that testing used to be taken serious back in the UK. What is the current state on Acceptance Testing these days ? What are your thoughts on who should write and implement an acceptance test ? 😀
I commented at the end of my rant back to @rahabm that I should probably write a blog post about this, so here it is!
To begin with, what do we mean by Acceptance Test? If we use Mike Cohn’s Testing Pyramid we are referring to the User Interface or system boundary test, which is the very top of the pyramid. For a website this would be a form of browser automation with code performing the clicks and inputting normally performed by humans.
As the Testing Pyramid suggests, we should write as few of these as possible. They are time consuming to write, maintain and run, plus have a much slower feedback loop than unit tests. If there are too many of these they can impact a teams cadence of delivery and discourage continuous integration.
Acceptance Tests should focus on critical user journeys rather than specific functionality. For example, for an e-commerce site you would expect there to be an Acceptance Test that selects a number of items and completes payment. They are also usually focussed upon positive outcomes, rather than xyz failed.
Who should write Acceptance Tests?
Some organisations have dedicated people, sometimes called Software Engineers in Test, to write Acceptance Tests. I would suggest not doing this as:
- It will encourage more of these tests to be written, as it helps to occupy this persons time.
- Often this person will work by themselves, becoming a bottleneck and a bus factor of one.
- They may follow different coding practices and/or languages than the rest of the engineering team. I have seen entire test suites thrown away when the test engineer leaves the team for this reason.
A preferable solution is to employ a QA who thinks about quality in the system holistically and works with the engineering team to work out how to test it better. This person is NOT primarily a coder, but is happy to pair or join a mob with engineers to ensure quality.